Today we celebrate the Solemnity of the Holy Trinity. We remind ourselves of this important truth of the faith that God is Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.
There are NOT 3 gods, but rather 3 persons who are ONE God or one essence. For centuries the brightest minds, both within and without the Church have tried to fully comprehend and explain this, but they could not.
God cannot be understood completely by mortals. Human beings are limited to space, time and matter and can only understand things within the laws and experiences of each.
What human being has experienced infinity in order to define it? What human being has experienced being all benevolent, all omnipotent, all sapient and all knowing? There is none. Human beings are finite creatures with finite minds.
It is important to understand that the Father is not the Son nor the Son the Father. Moreover, the Father and Son are not the Holy Spirit and vice versa. Each are distinct Divine persons who are of the same singular Divine substance or essence.
Think of it in this way: One of western psychology’s pioneers and also an atheist, Sigmund Freud believed that human beings have the Super Ego, Ego, and Id which comprises their psyche. Each is distinct but are of one person. Moreover, human beings have reason, conscience, and self-awareness. Each are distinct but are of one person. The same with God, but with the difference that each (Father, Son, Holy Spirit) are distinct persons, not attributes of personality as in the aforementioned examples.
There are some sects today who deny the Holy Trinity such as, Jehovah’s Witnesses and the Mormons. Jehovah’s Witnesses even went as far as to altering the Gospel of John 1:1 to read “.. the Word was A god…” which was done to support their idea that Jesus is some sort of a lower god or demi-god. In Genesis 1:26, God says, “Let US make man in OUR image, to be like US.” The words “US” and “OUR” signify plurality of persons. God describes Himself as a community of persons.
It sounds confusing, but this shows the awesomeness of God. God will never be completely understood by any creature. If any creature understands God completely, then God would not be God. He would be a thing in nature that can be understood.
In the responsorial Psalm, we read of the greatness of God. His word is upright and trustworthy. God is not a liar (Numbers 23:19, Romans 3:4). He is fair and just (2 Thessalonians 1:6). The word of God is what brings things to existence (Genesis 1:3). This “logos” keeps our universe in existence (Hebrews 11:3, Colossians 1:17). We as His children must wait on God and trust in Him for He is our help and our shield (Psalm 91). His Spirit gives us life, protects us and guides us as we read in the second reading.
The second reading focuses on the third person of the Blessed Trinity whose coming we celebrated last Sunday on Pentecost. This Spirit reminds us that we are sons of God, not slaves (Galatians 3:26). We are able to call God “Abba, Father!” We are united with the Blessed Trinity in the Spirit, not to be God, but to be sons and daughters of God (1 John 3:2). This Spirit is our guide and our courage who gives us gifts that allow us to grow in the Holy Trinity and be witnesses to this union of love to the world (John 16:13, 1 Corinthians 12:8-10, Ephesians 4:7-13, Romans 12:3-8).
Finally in the Gospel, we read of Jesus’ last words to the disciples before the Ascension. He reminds them that all power in heaven and earth were given to Him because He is the Word of God (John 1:1). Jesus instructs them to go make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. Here we read Jesus dictate to His disciples the persons who constitute God. This is a truth that can never change because it comes from Christ who is the Truth (John 14:6). God is One in three Divine distinct Persons. Some atheists tweet around this meme of Christ praying at the Garden of Gethsemane and next to it they write that Christ is praying to Himself and asking Himself to spare Himself from what He is about to go through. This, of course, shows the ignorance of many atheists who do not understand the Holy Trinity, among many other things. Our job is not to try to understand this, but to trust this triune God who created us and loves us so much that the second person of this Trinity came, took on flesh, suffered and died for all of us (John 3:16). We must trust this God who rescues us from oppression as He did in the Exodus and who sends us His Holy Spirit to remind us of what Christ taught and guide us. Again, no one can truly understand the Holy Trinity using man’s knowledge (1 Corinthians 2:16, Romans 11:34). We can understand the Holy Trinity with love because God is love (1 John 4:8). As Catholics, we must go out and evangelize reminding the world of the One God in three Divine Persons.